Introduction To DeFi: DEXs and AMM

When compared to other cryptocurrency exchanges, decentralized markets have expanded at a far quicker rate. As the technologies and user experience develop, It is  believed that DEXs and AMM will ultimately displace CEXs to become the most preferred exchange type.

What is a DEX?

DEX (short for “decentralized exchange”) is simply a website where you may buy and sell tokens directly with other users (centralized exchange). There is no need to go through the trouble of KYC verification or cope with certain CEXs’ limitations, such as low withdrawal limits. The two primary categories of DEXs are those that operate off of an order book or a liquidity pool.

Order Book Based DEXs

Like conventional exchanges, order book based DEXs allow traders to buy and sell at whatever price they want. However, the assets in a DEX are stored in user wallets rather than by the exchange itself.

Call in the orders On-chain and off-chain DEXs both exist. In an off-chain order book, transactions are held off-chain, like on a network, till they are matched and done on-chain, permanently recorded. The best-known examples of such DEXs are dYdX, DeversiFi, and Serum.

Liquidity Pool Based DEXs

We must define a liquidity pool firstly so that we can comprehend LP Based DEXs. Token pairs are kept together in a smart contract called a liquidity pool until an exchange occurs.

Each pool features a trading market for LPs with a certain pair of tokens. For example, when exchanging ether for USD coins on Uniswap, you withdraw USD coins and deposit them into the ether/USD coin pool.

What is AMM?

By using AMMs(Automated Market Makers), traders no longer require a controlled market maker to provide liquidity for a CEX for their orders to get executed smoothly. Instead, a smart contract which determines the value of trades automatically executes the orders.

Algorithmic asset pricing using liquidity pools is the focus of AMM, a mathematical function. Although there are several other AMM formulae, the most popular one is the Constant Product Market Maker. Therefore that is what we will concentrate on for this article.

Constant Product Market Maker

According to the Uniswap-popularized notation, the product of x and y is k, where x and y are the quantities of 2 tokens inside the liquidity pool. The formula generates a price band again for two tokens determined by the supply and demand situation. When x becomes more readily available, y must become scarcer such that k remains unchanged.

Benefits of DEXs

A DEX may provide certain useful benefits over a centralized cryptocurrency exchange. However, it mostly consists of increased privacy, anonymity, and control over one’s resources.

Strong security measures: DEXs are more secure since users don’t have to provide their private keys to make trades from their “hot” or “cold” wallets. Simply put, the individual user has to ensure that their account is secure.

Control of individual assets: In DEXs, users have complete authority over their funds and are free to invest or spend them as they see fit. Freezing or withdrawals of blocked funds are exceedingly unusual occurrences in DEXs.

Attention to differences: It’s important to remember that there is a spectrum from semi-centralized to completely decentralized exchanges in reality.

Benefits Of AMM

The arrival of AMM changed the game for decentralized and centralized trading platforms. It is a blockchain technology for creating trustless, decentralized, and fully automated markets. The software has several uses, one of which is preventing order books from being late or slipping.

Listed below are some additional advantages of using an AMM.

Peer-to-contract Trading: The transactions on DEXs based on AMMs are peer-to-contract. You use a smart contract instead of a peer-to-peer system for trading. There is an algorithm in place that calculates the value of each asset.

Lower transaction fees: Using AMMs significantly lowered currency exchange fees. As a result of the elimination of middlemen, such as brokers and banks, the customary high fees charged by brokers and low-interest rates offered by banks will no longer be an issue.

Reduced slippage: “slippage” refers to the drastic difference in asset values between the entrance and departure points. While AMM helped, it was not enough to resolve all slippage issues. On the other hand, it lowered the frequency with which there is a large disparity in price between buying and selling.

DEX Integrations And Partnerships

FibSwap DEX: In a market where prices constantly fluctuate, FibSwap is an invaluable time and money saver. Most swaps may be completed in a matter of seconds, and it offers some of the industry’s lowest rates because of its proprietary lowest-fee switch aggregator.

COINZIX: COINZIX is developing a cryptocurrency exchange that is quick, safe, and user-friendly for users of all skill levels.

Krypton: Krypton offers a completely innovative approach to DEX architecture, with its intellectual foundations providing the basis for a creative method to overcome the issues of constructing a decentralized financial sector.

AMM Integrations And Partnerships

DAO: Prismatic, the go-to place for creating no-code DAOs on the Algorand network, announced a strategic relationship with Pact, a decentralized AMM platform. The agreement will enable DAO treasuries to quickly diversify assets and create returns from given liquidity by integrating Prismatic with Pact’s AMM swapping capability and liquidity pools in a single interface.

Bittrex: Bittrex Global is a cutting-edge platform for digital trading assets designed to mimic best-in-class safety procedures so that consumers from all walks of life may rely on the platform’s exchange execution services.

Crex24: Although it has only been in operation since 2017, cryptocurrency exchange CREX24 provides investors access to various assets. The exchange’s listing includes widely used tokens (such as ETH, LTC, PTS, NEM, etc.) and less well-known but potentially lucrative altcoins.

DEX and AMM Impact on The Crypto Space

DEXs provide full transparency into the flow of money and the processes allowing exchange, in contrast to the opaque and obfuscated nature of conventional monetary operations, managed via middlemen that provide little insight into their activities.

DEXs may help lessen the dangers associated with systemic centralization in the bitcoin ecosystem and minimize counterparty risk since user money never leaves their wallets. In addition, DEXs are foundational to DeFi, acting as the “money LEGO” blocks on which more complex financial products get constructed without central authority approval.

AMMs enable customers to retain ownership of their crypto assets while trading by supporting independent transactions on blockchains, thereby increasing transparency and clarity for every automated deal.

Since an AMM’s automated transactions function on a method and price algorithm, the prices of the digital assets traded are more consistent and fair. In addition, it may protect prices against manipulation strategies like wash trading and front running by keeping the overall value of the liquidity pool stable.

Bottom Line

Decentralized exchanges (DEXs) allow users to trade cryptocurrencies directly with one another, bypassing the traditional banking system. Due to their ability to provide quick liquidity for freshly issued tokens, ease of onboarding, and free and open access to exchange and liquidity supply, DEXs have seen increased use in recent years.

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